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    教育部关于加强和改进中小学实验教学的意见
        来源:本站    发布日期:2018-11-21

    教育部关于加强和改进中小学实验教学的意见


    JIAOJI〔2019〕16HAO


    bmw888GESHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIJIAOYUTING(JIAOWEI),XINJIANGSHENGCHANJIANSHEBINGTUANJIAOYUJU:


      SHIYANJIAOXUESHIGUOJIAKECHENGFANGANHEKECHENGBIAOZHUNGUIDINGDEZHONGYAOJIAOXUENEIRONG,SHIPEIYANGCHUANGXINRENCAIDEZHONGYAOTUJING。WEISHENRUGUANCHEQUANGUOJIAOYUDAHUIJINGSHEN,LUOSHIQUANGUOJICHUJIAOYUGONGZUOHUIYIBUSHU,SHENHUAJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGE,QUANMIANTIGAOJICHUJIAOYUZHILIANG,XIANJIUJIAQIANGHEGAIJINZHONGXIAOXUESHIYANJIAOXUEGONGZUOTICHURUXIAYIJIAN。


      一、总体要求


      QUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDEJIAOYUFANGZHEN,LUOSHILIDESHURENGENBENRENWU,FAZHANSUZHIJIAOYU,NULIGOUJIANYUDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANPEIYANGDEJIAOYUTIXIXIANGSHIYING、YUKECHENGBIAOZHUNYAOQIUXIANGTONGYIDESHIYANJIAOXUETIXI。HANGSHIJICHU,KAIQIKAIZUKAIHAOGUOJIAKECHENGBIAOZHUNGUIDINGSHIYAN,QIESHINIUZHUANHUSHISHIYANJIAOXUEDEQINGXIANG;TUOZHANCHUANGXIN,BUDUANJIANGKEJIQIANYANZHISHIHEZUIXINJISHUCHENGGUORONGRUSHIYANJIAOXUE,FENGFUNEIRONG,GAIJINFANGSHI;ZHUZHONGSHIXIAO,QIANGHUAXUESHENGSHIJIANCAOZUO、QINGJINGTIYAN、TANSUOQIUZHI、QINSHENGANWUHECHUANGXINCHUANGZAO,ZHELITISHENGXUESHENGDEGUANCHANENGLI、DONGSHOUSHIJIANNENGLI、CHUANGZAOXINGSIWEINENGLIHETUANDUIHEZUONENGLI,PEIYUXUESHENGDEXINGQUAIHAO、CHUANGXINJINGSHEN、KEXUESUYANGHEYIZHIPINZHI。


      二、主要举措


      1.WANSHANSHIYANJIAOXUETIXI。JIAOYUBUZHIDINGZHONGXIAOXUESHIYANJIAOXUEJIBENMULUHECAOZUOZHINAN。SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOANZHAOGUOJIAKECHENGFANGANHEKECHENGBIAOZHUNYAOQIU,JIANGSHIYANJIAOXUEZUOWEIKECHENGTIXIDEZHONGYAONEIRONGNARUXUEKEJIAOXUEJIBENGUIFAN,QIANGHUASHIYANJIAOXUEYAOQIU;ZHONGXIAOXUEXIAOYAOZHENDUIBUTONGXUEDUANJIAOXUEYAOQIUJINGXINSHEJISHIYANJIAOXUENEIRONG,ZUZHIKAIZHANHAOJICHUXINGSHIYANHETUOZHANXINGSHIYAN(HANTANJIUXINGSHIYAN、CHUANGXINXINGSHIYAN、ZONGHEXINGSHIYANDENG)。ZHUZHONGJIAQIANGSHIYANJIAOXUEYUDUOXUEKERONGHEJIAOYU、BIANCHENGJIAOYU、CHUANGKEJIAOYU、RENGONGZHINENGJIAOYU、SHEHUISHIJIANDENGYOUJIRONGHE,YOUTIAOJIANDEDIQUKEYIKAIFADIFANGKECHENGHEXIAOBENKECHENG。

      

        2.CHUANGXINSHIYANJIAOXUEFANGSHI。GEDIGEXIAOYAOFENGFUSHIYANJIAOXUESHISHIXINGSHI,ZONGHEYUNYONGGUANCHA、GUANCE、MONI、TIYAN、SHEJI、BIANCHENG、ZHIZUO、JIAGONG、SIYANG、ZHONGZHI、CANGUAN、DIAOCHADENGDUOZHONGFANGSHI,CUJINCHUANTONGSHIYANJIAOXUEYUXIANDAIXINXINGKEJIYOUJIRONGHE,QIESHIZENGQIANGSHIYANJIAOXUEDEQUWEIXINGHEXIYINLI,TIGAOSHIYANJIAOXUEZHILIANGHEXIAOGUO。DUIYUYINSHOUSHIKONGXIANZHIERZAIXIANSHISHIJIEZHONGWUFAGUANCHAHEKONGZHIDESHIWUHEXIANXIANG、BIANHUATAIKUAIHUOTAIMANDEGUOCHENG,YIJIYOUWEIXIANXING、POHUAIXINGHEDUIHUANJINGYOUWEIHAIDESHIYAN,KEYONGZENGQIANGXIANSHI、XUNIXIANSHIDENGJISHUSHOUDUANCHENGXIAN。ZAISHIYANJIAOXUEZHONGYAOZUNXUNXUEKETEDIAN,JIJITUIDONGXUESHENGKAIZHANYANJIUXING、RENWUXING、XIANGMUHUA、WENTISHI、HEZUOSHIXUEXI。GULIXUEXIAOXIANGXUESHENGKAIFANGSHIYANSHI,FANGBIANXUESHENGLIYONGKEYUSHIJIAN,YIDULIHUOXIAOZUHEZUOFANGSHIKAIZHANSHIYANTANJIU。GUANGFANLIYONGXIAOWAIZIYUANJIJIKAIZHANKEXUESHIYANHUODONG。DINGQIJUBANQUANGUOZHONGXIAOXUESHIYANJIAOXUEJINENGJINGSAI。

      

        3.GUIFANSHIYANJIAOXUESHISHI。XUEXIAOYAOJIANGSHIYANJIAOXUENARUJIAOXUEGUANLIGUICHENG,FENNIANJI、FENXUEKEZHIDINGQIESHIKEXINGDESHIYANJIAOXUEJIHUA。JIAQIANGSHIYANJIAOXUEGUOCHENGGUANLI,QUEBAOSHIYANJIAOXUENEIRONGHEKESHI,YANGESHIYANJIAOXUECHENGXUHEGUIFAN。GULIYOUTIAOJIANDEDIFANGHEXUEXIAO,JIJILIYONGXINXIJISHUSHOUDUANKAIZHANSHIYANJIAOXUEGUANLI,TANSUOTONGGUOGOUMAIFUWUFANGSHIKAIZHANTESESHIYANJIAOXUEHUOSHIJIANHUODONG。

      

        4.TIGAOJIAOSHISHIYANJIAOXUENENGLI。GEDIYAODUIXIANYOUXIANGGUANXUEKEJIAOSHISHIYANJIAOXUENENGLIJINXINGFENXIYANPAN,YOUZHENDUIXINGDIZHIDINGPEIXUNFANGAN,NARUJIAOSHIPEIXUNTIXI,LIERU“GUOPEIJIHUA”“SHENGPEIJIHUA”,QUEBAODAO2022NIANQIANWANCHENGJIAOSHISHIYANJIAOXUENENGLIQUANYUANLUNXUN。SHIYANSHIGUANLIYUANYINGJUBEIXIANGYINGDEZHUANYEJINENG,YIBINGNARUJIAOSHIPEIXUNTIXIZHONG,QIANGHUAGANGQIANPEIXUN。GULIDIFANGJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYUGAODENGXUEXIAO、KEYANJIGOUXIETONGZAIYOUTIAOJIANDEZHONGXIAOXUEJIANLIJIAOSHISHIYANJIAOXUEPEIXUNJIDI,QIANGHUAZHUANYEXUEXIYUGENGANGSHIJIANXIANGJIEHE。JIADADUIZHONGXIBUPINKUNDIQUZHONGXIAOXUEJIAOSHISHIYANJIAOXUENENGLIPEIXUNDEZHICHILIDU。SHIFANYUANXIAOYAOANZHAOGUOJIAKECHENGBIAOZHUNYAOQIU,BASHIYANJIAOXUENENGLILIERUSHIFANLEIXIANGYINGZHUANYEJIBENPEIYANGMUBIAO。GEDIYAOJIANGSHIYANJIAOXUENENGLINARUXIANGGUANXUEKEJIAOSHIZIGEKAOSHIHEJIAOSHIZHAOPINBIBEISUZHIKAOCHA。

     

         5.BAOZHANGSHIYANJIAOXUETIAOJIAN。GEDIGEXIAOYAOANZHAOBIAOZHUNHESHIJIXUQIUJIANSHESHIYANJIAOXUECHANGSUO,ZHICHITANSUOJIANSHEXUEKEGONGNENGJIAOSHI、ZONGHESHIYANSHI、CHUANGXINSHIYANSHI、JIAOYUCHUANGKEKONGJIANDENG,GULIDUIPUTONGJIAOSHIJINXINGDUOGONGNENGJISHUGAIZAO,JIANSHEFUHEXINGZONGHESHIYANJIAOXUEHUANJING。YAOLUOSHIJIAOYUBUBANBUDEXUEKEJIAOXUEZHUANGBEIPEIZHIBIAOZHUN,BAOZHIBAOLIANGPEIZHIBINGJISHIGENGXINJIAOXUEYIQISHEBEI,QUEBAOXIAOHAOXINGSHIYANCAILIAODEBUCHONGYUGONGJI,MANZUSHIYANJIAOXUEJIBENXUQIU。GEDIGEXIAOYAOLUOSHISHIYANSHIGUANLIGUICHENG,HELIPEIZHISHIYANSHIGUANLIYUAN,QUEBAOSHIYANSHIGUIFANYOUXIAOGUANLI。

      

    bmw888    6.JIANQUANSHIYANJIAOXUEPINGJIAJIZHI。BASHIYANJIAOXUEQINGKUANGNARUJIAOYUZHILIANGPINGJIAJIANCETIXI,QIANGHUADUIXUEXIAOSHIYANSHIJIANSHEYUGUANLI、SHIYANJIAOXUEKAIZHANQINGKUANGHESHIYANJIAOXUEZHILIANGDENGFANGMIANDEPINGJIA。GEDIGEXIAOYAOHELIHEDINGJIAOSHISHIYANJIAOXUEGONGZUOLIANG,BAJIAOSHISHIYANJIAOXUENENGLI、JIAOXUESHUIPINGHEJIAOXUESHIJIZUOWEIXIANGGUANXUEKEJIAOSHIZHICHENGPINGPIN、JIXIAOJIANGLIDENGDEZHONGYAOYIJU。JIAKUAICHANGTONGSHIYANJIAOXUERENYUANHESHIYANSHIGUANLIRENYUANZHICHENGPINGPINTONGDAO,TIGAOQIGAOJIZHICHENGDEBILI。BAXUESHENGSHIYANCAOZUOQINGKUANGHENENGLIBIAOXIANNARUZONGHESUZHIPINGJIA;2023NIANQIANYAOJIANGSHIYANCAOZUONARUCHUZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHI,KAOSHICHENGJINARUGAOZHONGJIEDUANXUEXIAOZHAOSHENGLUQUYIJU;ZAIPUTONGGAOZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIZHONG,YOUTIAOJIANDEDIQUKEJIANGLIHUASHENGSHIYANCAOZUONARUSHENGJITONGYIKAOSHI。

      

    bmw888    7.JIAQIANGSHIYANJIAOXUEYANJIUYUTANSUO。GEDIYAOJIAQIANGSHIYANJIAOXUEYANJIUHEJIAOYANHUODONG,JISHIZONGJIETUIGUANGSHIYANJIAOXUEDIANXINGJINGYANHEXIANJINJIAOFA,QIANGHUADUIXUEXIAOSHIYANJIAOXUEGONGZUODEZHIDAO。XUEXIAOYAOJIANGSHIYANJIAOXUENARUXIAOBENJIAOYAN,JIJIZUZHIXIANGGUANXUEKEJIAOSHIKAIZHANSHIYANJIAOXUEXIAOBENJIAOYANHUODONG。GULIGEDIGEXIAOJIJIKAIZHANJIAOXUEYIQISHEBEISHIYONGXINGPINGJIAHEYANJIU,TUIDONGWANSHANJIAOXUEYIQISHEBEIPEIBEIBIAOZHUN;KAIZHANYOUXIUZIZHIJIAOJUPINGXUAN,GULIJIAOSHIZIZHISHIYANJIAOJU。ZAIQUANGUOLINXUANYIPISHIYANJIAOXUEGAIGESHIYANQU、SHIYANXIAOHEYOUZHISHIYANJIAOXUEJINGPINKE,FAHUISHIFANYINLINGZUOYONG。

      

        8.QIANGHUASHIYANJIAOXUEANQUANGUANLI。GEDIGEXIAOYAOQIESHIZENGQIANGSHIYANJIAOXUEANQUANYISHI,LUOSHISHIYANSHIANQUANGUANLIZHIDU,ZHIDINGSHIYANJIAOXUEANQUANYUAN。SHIXIANJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOHUITONGYOUGUANBUMENZHIDINGBINGWANSHANJIAOXUEYONGSHIJI(YAOPIN)ZHONGDEWEIXIANHUAXUEPIN、YIZHIBAOWEIXIANHUAXUEPINJIYIZHIDUHUAXUEPINCAIGOU、YUNSHU、CHUCUN、BAOGUAN、SHIYONG、HUISHOUGUANLIBANFA,JIYAOBAOZHANGSHIYANJIAOXUEZHENGCHANGKAIZHAN,YOUYAOQUEBAOSHIYONGANQUAN,DADAOHUANBAOYAOQIU。XUEXIAOYAORENZHENLUOSHIWEIXIANHUAXUEPINGUANLIBANFA,JIANQUANSHIYANJIAOXUEANQUANZERENZHI,DINGQIKAIZHANANQUANFENGXIANPAICHA,QUEBAOSHIYANCHANGSUOJUBEILIANGHAODETONGFENG、CAIGUANG、ZHAOMING、FANGDAO、FANGHUO、FANGBAO、FANGCHAO、FANGMEIDENGTIAOJIAN;YAOJIAQIANGSHISHENGSHIYANJIAOXUEANQUANJIAOYU,TEBIESHIYAOQIANGHUASHIYANSHIGUANLIRENYUANHESHIYANJIAOXUERENKEJIAOSHIANQUANZERENYISHI,TISHENGSHIYANJIAOXUEANQUANGUANLINENGLI。


      三、组织实施


    bmw888  1.JIAQIANGZUZHILINGDAO。GEDIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOCONGQUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDEJIAOYUFANGZHEN,JIANCHI“WUYUBINGJU”,FAZHANSUZHIJIAOYU,TIGAOJICHUJIAOYUZHILIANGDEZHANLVEGAODU,QIESHIJIAQIANGDUIZHONGXIAOXUESHIYANJIAOXUEGONGZUODEZUZHILINGDAO。SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOJIADASHIYANJIAOXUEGONGZUOTONGCHOULIDU,RENZHENZHIDINGWANSHANYOUGUANZHENGCECUOSHI,QIESHIJIAQIANGZHIDAO。SHIXIANJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOZHIDINGJUTIGONGZUOFANGAN,MINGQUEXIANGGUANBUMENZHIZE,LISHUNGONGZUOGUANXI,XINGCHENGGONGZUOHELI。ZHONGXIAOXUEXIAOYAOJIANGSHIYANJIAOXUEZUOWEIJIAOXUEGONGZUODEZHONGYAONEIRONG,ZHAOZHUNBORUOHUANJIE,QIANGHUASHIYANJIAOXUEGUANLI,LUOSHISHIYANJIAOXUERENWU,BUDUANTIGAOSHIYANJIAOXUESHUIPING。

      

    bmw888    2.BAOZHANGJINGFEITOURU。GEDIYAOWEISHIYANSHIJIANSHEYUGUANLI、SHEBEIWEIXIUWEIHU、YIQIHESHIYANCAILIAOGENGXINBUCHONG、JIAOSHIHESHIYANSHIGUANLIYUANYANXIUPEIXUN、HUODONGKAIZHANDENGTIGONGJINGFEIBAOZHANG。YIWUJIAOYUBORUOHUANJIEGAISHANYUNENGLITISHENGGONGZUOXIANGMUZHONGYINGGENJUXUYAOANPAIXIANGYINGZIJINYONGYUSHIYANSHIJIANSHEHEQITASHIYANJIAOXUETIAOJIANBAOZHANG,XUEXIAOYINGCONGSHENGJUNGONGYONGJINGFEIZHONGANPAIXIANGYINGZIJINYONGYUSHIYANJIAOXUESHISHI。JIADADUINONGCUNDIQU、MINZUDIQU、PINKUNDIQUSHIYANJIAOXUEJINGFEIZHICHILIDU。

      

    bmw888    3.QIANGHUADUDAOKAOHE。GEJIJIAOYUDUDAOBUMENYAOJIANGZHONGXIAOXUESHIYANJIAOXUETIAOJIANBAOZHANGNARUDUIDIFANGRENMINZHENGFULVXINGJIAOYUZHIZEDUDAOPINGGUDEZHONGYAONEIRONG;SHIXIANJIAOYUDUDAOBUMENYAOJIAQIANGDUIXUEXIAOSHIYANJIAOXUEKAIZHANQINGKUANGDEDUDAOJIANCHA。QIANGHUADUDAOPINGGUHEJIANCHAJIEGUOYUNYONG,DUICUNZAISHIYANJIAOXUETIAOJIANBAOZHANGBUDAOWEI、BUANGUIDINGKAIZUKAIQISHIYANKECHENG、BULUOSHISHIYANJIAOXUEANQUANGUANLIZERENDENGWENTIDEDIFANGHEXUEXIAO,YAOJISHIZHENGGAI;QINGKUANGYANZHONGDE,YAOYIFAYIGUIYANSUZHUIJIUXIANGGUANZERENRENZEREN。


    JIAOYUBU

    2019NIAN11YUE20RI

    附件:教育部关于加强和改进中小学实验教学的意见.docx

     

     


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